Pan-Africanism is Black Power

Pan-Africanism is the final state of the Black Power movement. A movement associated with individuals such as Kwame Ture (Stokely Carmichael), Malcolm X Omowale, and Dr. Martin Luther King. Dr. King's definitive assertion about the Vietnam war, the criminal international and domestic economic policies verifies the unity of the African demographic on the matter of continued racist and economic warfare.

Now we must watch very closely the new element of Big Bank assaults on the human populations.

Kwame Ture was a magnificent communicator in the same league as skilled orators such as Malcom X, Thomas Sankara, Jean Bertrand Aristide, Fidel Castro and Tajudeen Abdul Raheem – who could speak at great length without notes and with amusing wit. Here is a selection of video and audio clips that attest to this.

  1. 'Kwame Ture Zionism and White Supremacy' - 2 Kwame Ture discusses the imperialist nature of Zionism and white supremacy; that Zionism is not a religion nor is it a liberation movement. As a political ideology born in 1897 its agenda was naked terrorism against the Palestinian people. Kwame Ture discusses the imperialist nature of Zionism and white supremacy; that Zionism is not a religion nor is it a liberation movement. As a political ideology born in 1897 its agenda was naked terrorism against the Palestinian people. Click here. 9.57 mins
  2. 'Kwame Ture The Importance of Studying History' In this powerful short clip, Kwame Toure speaks about the critical role of understanding African history in Black liberation. The history of all Black people begins in Africa. That history has been suppressed by the capitalists.
  3. Kwame Ture - formerly Stokely Carmichael interview with Brian Lambert 1: 12: 08 mins This clip opens with an energetic and humorous Kwame Ture speaking at a 1966 rally in Los Angeles as chairman of the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee. The speech is followed by a moving, wide-ranging 1998 interview where Kwame at 56, battling prostate cancer, with “death lingering over our heads”, looks back at his life as a “guerrilla” and reflects on his “last days in the struggle” for African liberation. Click here.
  4. Kwame Ture - formerly Stokely Carmichael - at UDC (Full) 1:37:16 The following video clip entitled comprises a 10 mins introduction; a 50 mins lecture by Kwame Ture and approximately a 30 mins question and answer session with an African American audience. Kwame Ture talks on a range of issues including the destructive systems of capitalism, imperialism, zionism and neocolonialism. He ends with the declaration to his audience that: 'Until Africa becomes strong we'll never be strong. As Africa gets strong we get strong. We cannot build in America. We must seek to destroy the American capitalist system and build a socialist system in Africa.' Click here.
  5. Audio on Pan-Africanism, Revolution and War 3.45 mins In this short audio (3.45 mins) Kwame Ture declares that 'revolution is based on truth and justice' and also on land. For Africans in the diaspora that land base is Africa, the richest continent in the world.
  6. Kwame Ture Converting the Unconscious to Conscious 1:30: 48 In this video of 1:30: 48 in length entitled 'Kwame Ture Converting the Unconscious to Conscious', Ture analyses not only the necessity of the conscious to make the unconscious 'consciously rebellious' but he distinguishes between the differences between a mobiliser and an organiser with his usual wit and depth of clarity.
  7. Kwame Ture Afrikan culture - Part 1 which is 10 mins In this video clip Kwame Ture discusses the importance of Afrikan culture and how it has resisted enslavement. In the development of a revolutionary culture, Ture insists that culture must also be anti-capitalist in nature because it was capitalism that halted Africa's development.
  8. Stokely Carmichael: We need a black united front 4.44 mins In this short video (4.44 mins), Carmichael celebrates the birthday of the Black Panther Leader, Huey P. Newton. He links the need for black people in America to see themselves as connected to black people globally as critical to their survival.

Martin Luther King Jr. Warned Us of the Dangers of Job Automation

Automation and cybernation will make it possible for working people to have undreamed-of amounts of leisure time.”

But King wrote this was only “possible” because he understood that without a radical redistribution of political and economic power, job automation would lead to ever increasing levels of unemployment and inequality.

Today Oxford predicts technology will eliminate nearly half of all jobs by 2033. It seems Dr. King was even further ahead of his time than we thought.


Martin Luther King Jr: “New economic patterning through automation is dissolving the jobs of workers in some of the nation’s basic industries. This is to me a catastrophe. We are neither technologically advanced nor socially enlightened if we witness this disaster for tens of thousands without finding a solution. And by a solution, I mean a real and genuine alternative, providing the same living standards which were swept away by a force called progress, but which for some is destruction.

-United Automobile Workers, 25th Anniversary dinner (1961)


Martin Luther King Jr: “Labor has grave problems today of employment, shorter hours, old age security, housing and retraining against the impact of automation. The Congress and the Administration are almost as indifferent to labor’s program as they are toward that of the Negro. Toward both they offer vastly less than adequate remedies for the problems which are a torment to us day after day.”

-United Automobile Workers, District 65 Convention (1962)


Martin Luther King Jr: “If manufacturers are concerned only in their personal interests, they will pass by on the other side while thousands of working people are stripped of their jobs and left displaced on some Jericho road as a result of automation, and they will judge every move towards a better distribution of wealth and a better life for the working man to be socialistic.”

-“On Being a Good Neighbor” in book of sermons “Strength to Love” (1963)


Martin Luther King Jr: “Now, this economic problem is getting more serious because of many forces alive in our world and in our nation. For many years…the forces of labor and industry so often discriminated against Negroes. And this meant that the Negro ended up being limited, by and large, to unskilled and semi-skilled labor. Now, because of the forces of automation and cybernation, these are the jobs that are now passing away.”

- December 7th, 1964 (Recording was lost and recently discovered in 2015.)


Martin Luther King Jr: The problem of economic deprivation is one of the most serious problems — it may be the most serious problem that the negro confronts. We know that there must be basic economic reforms. We do need…legislation to develop massive public works programs to deal with the problem of unemployment and the problems which are developing as a result of automation and cybernation.

University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee (November 23 1965)

Martin Luther King Jr: “At the present time, thousands of jobs a week are disappearing in the wake of automation and other production efficiency techniques. Black and white, we will all be harmed unless something grand and imaginative is done. The unemployed, poverty-stricken white man must be made to realize that he is in the very same boat with the Negro.”

-Playboy Magazine Interview (1965)


Martin Luther King Jr: “A true revolution of values will soon look uneasily on the glaring contrast of poverty and wealth. With righteous indignation, it will look at thousands of working people displaced from their jobs with reduced incomes as a result of automation while the profits of the employers remain intact, and say: “This is not just.”

-The Three Evils of Society Speech (1967)

Martin Luther King Jr: “One unfortunate thing about Black Power is that it gives priority to race precisely at a time when the impact of automation and other forces have made the economic question fundamental for blacks and whites alike. In this context a slogan “Power for Poor People” would be much more appropriate than the slogan “Black Power”.

Martin Luther King Jr: “Automation is imperceptibly but inexorably producing dislocations, skimming off unskilled labor from the industrial force. The displaced are flowing into proliferating service occupations. These enterprises are traditionally unorganized and provide low wage scales with longer hours.

-Where Do We Go From Here: Chaos or Community? (1967)


MLK also offered a daring solution to job automation & poverty: A Guaranteed Income.

“The society that performs miracles with machinery has the capacity to make some miracles for men — if it values men as highly as it values machines.”

-Martin Luther King Jr. at UAW (1961)

  • The modern 20th century weapon of neo-imperialism is "dollarism." The Zionists have mastered the science of dollarism: the ability to come posing as a friend and benefactor, bearing gifts and all other forms of economic aid and offers of technical assistance. Thus, the power and influence of Zionist Israel in many of the newly "independent" African nations has fast-become even more unshakeable than that of the 18th century European colonialists... and this new kind of Zionist colonialism differs only in form and method, but never in motive or objective.
  • Zionist Israel's occupation of Arab Palestine has forced the Arab world to waste billions of precious dollars on armaments, making it impossible for these newly independent Arab nations to concentrate on strengthening the economies of their countries and elevate the living standard of their people.
  • They cripple the bird's wing, and then condemn it for not flying as fast as they."
  • Did the Zionists have the legal or moral right to invade Arab Palestine, uproot its Arab citizens from their homes and seize all Arab property for themselves just based on the "religious" claim that their forefathers lived there thousands of years ago? Only a thousand years ago the Moors lived in Spain. Would this give the Moors of today the legal and moral right to invade the Iberian Peninsula, drive out its Spanish citizens, and then set up a new Moroccan nation … where Spain used to be, as the European zionists have done to our Arab brothers and sisters in Palestine?...

Martin Luther King, Jr. On Nkrumah, Ghana’s Independence, US Civil Rights Movement

The original author of the following piece is Harold Green. He titled his piece “Beyond the Dream: Martin Luther King, Jr. And Africa” (see “San Francisco Bay View: National Black Newspaper.” We provide a link at the end of the essay).


A Nathan Bright Quote

“King's famed admiration for Gandhi’s leadership in nonviolent rebellion was not isolated. He [Martin Luther King, Jr.] drew inspiration from Kwame Nkrumah, who led Ghana to peaceful independence.”

Martin Luther King, Jr. Quotes

“I can remember when Mrs. King and I first journeyed to Africa to attend the independence celebration of the new nation of Ghana. We were very happy about the fact there were now eight independent countries in Africa. But since that night in March 1957, some 27 new independent nations have come into being in Africa. This reveals to us that the old order of colonialism is passing away, and the new order of freedom and human dignity is coming into being.”

“In this period when the American Negro is giving moral leadership and inspiration to his own nation, he must find the resources to aid his suffering brothers in his ancestral homeland.” (Martin Luther King Jr., Hunter College, New York City, Human Rights Day, Dec. 10, 1965).

“When discussing the legacy of Martin Luther King Jr., especially his “I Have a Dream Speech,” what is often missed is his concern for global justice, particularly in Africa. While Dr. King’s outspokenness about the Vietnam War toward the end of his life has been well documented and discussed, his views about the need to support anti-colonialism and anti-Apartheid in Africa is less so.

Dr. King was very much aware of our connection to Africa and clearly understood the parallels between our struggle for freedom here and the struggle for freedom on “the continent.” Having attended the inauguration of Kwame Nkrumah as prime minister of newly independent Ghana – King was in Ghana from March 4-27, 1957 – Dr. King was quick to recognize this connection.

Dr. King spoke of being overcome with emotion during the independence ceremony, as he understood the historical significance of the moment on the one hand and the source of inspiration Ghana’s independence meant for the fight for freedom of Black people in America on the other.

Dr. King was very much aware of our connection to Africa and clearly understood the parallels between our struggle for freedom here and the struggle for freedom on “the continent.”

Upon his return to America, Dr. King would talk about his impressions of his trip to Ghana in a sermon entitled, “The Birth of a New Nation.” Within that sermon, Dr. King talked about continuing to fight not just against segregation but also against colonialism, imperialism and exploitation in Africa. We forgive Dr. King who did not have the benefit of African-centered scholarship at the time for his historically inaccurate references to Egypt in this sermon. Dr. King would eventually speak out against Apartheid in South Africa and as early as 1964 was calling on “Western” powers to impose economic sanctions on the racist regime.

I have to admit that as a young student activist, I never embraced Dr. King’s philosophy of passive resistance; nonetheless, time has allowed me to take full measure of the man and recognize that this monumentally heroic figure, was far more complex and engaged in the world – especially the African world – than his iconic “I Have a Dream Speech” reveals.

King was in the audience in Ghana and heard Kwame Nkrumah say, “Our independence is meaningless unless it is linked up with the total liberation of Africa,” during Nkrumah’s Independence Day speech. It has even been suggested that the phrase “free at last” was influenced by similar words Nkrumah spoke in that speech.

Dr. King was also extended and accepted an invitation from Nnamdi Azikiwe to attend Azikiwe’s appointment as governor general of Nigeria on Nov. 16, 1960. Nigeria had declared its independence from Britain on Oct. 1, 1960.

Dr. King was no doubt an internationalist when it came to the issue of human rights. His views and concerns were not confined to the geographical boundaries of the United States. Dr. King would visit the United Nations, where he met with many leaders of the world, but specifically those African leaders of newly independent countries and those whose independence had not yet been achieved.

Thus, what should not be overlooked is the view that Dr. King shared with Malcolm X, that the plight of the Black man in America was one of a violation of his “human rights” and not just civil rights and that America should be brought before the United Nations, where the plight of African Americans could be raised. Part of this strategy involved the solicitation of those newly independent African countries, which could offer resolutions condemning “Apartheid in America” and embarrass America before the international community.

Dr. King was no doubt an internationalist when it came to the issue of human rights.

What should also not be overlooked is the inspiration the civil rights and Black power movements in America provided to the various independence movements in Africa. Dr. King, like Malcolm X, sought to grow this connection as the above quote clearly indicates and understood the system of “white supremacy” was global and needed to be defeated globally.

Additionally, Dr. King realized the importance to Blacks in America, having been snatched from Africa and having lost our culture and identity, of reclaiming that culture. It is through this process of reclaiming African culture, Dr. King would go on to say, that we will regain our humanity. Dr. King’s growing international views would not be welcome by the system of “global white supremacy,” of course, and even some of his close Black associates would eventually become detractors.

When J. Edgar Hoover described Dr. King as “the most dangerous man in America,” those were foreboding words. But with Dr. King’s growing outspokenness on international matters, J. Edgar Hoover’s view was no doubt shared by forces involved in exploiting Black people and other people of color in other parts of the world.

As we commemorate the 50th anniversary of Dr. King’s “I Have a Dream Speech,” let us not forget it was a speech inspired by his desire to see all people in the world free from injustice, but especially those of African descent – at home and abroad – something not lost on many Africans on the continent today.”


Harold Green. “Beyond the Dream: Martin Luther King, Jr. And Africa.” Aug. 27, 2013.


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